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SIMPLE DRAWING AND SHADING TECHNIQUES

V. Ryan © 2006 - 2017

 

SHADING FLAT SURFACES

Coloured Crayons can enhance a drawing if they are used carefully and general guidelines are followed. For instance, do not press heavily on the crayon as this often gives poor results. Often it is a good idea to colour faintly and never use too many colours. Use just enough colour to improve the overall presentation of your drawing.

Below are some examples of coloured pencil work - try these simple techniques.

 
 
YouTube Instruction Video below
 
PDF FILE - CLICK HERE FOR PRINTABLE EXERCISE BASED ON THE WORK BELOW

1. The drawing opposite shows two tone shading. A suitable colour is chosen and two sides of the cube are shaded - one slightly darker than the other.

2. This drawing shows three tone shading. this is very similar to the previous example except three shades of the same colour are used

   

3. Three tone shading has been used again but in this case a lighting effect has been added to the top. Light is shown reflected on the top part of the cube. This is achieved by shading in a radial pattern. The coloured pencil follows the ‘invisible’ red guidelines. As the shading progresses from right to left more weight is applied to the pencil giving a darker shade.

     

4. The example opposite shows the lighting effect applied to all three visible sides of the cube.
However, to speed up the technique the shading is not radial but linear (shading is in straight lines).

When shading a side of a cube using this technique, a coloured pencil is used in a linear fashion parallel to an edge of the cube.

 

3. The techniques used above can be adapted. Instead of shading the sides of the cube - the same colours are used but the colour process is speeded up by drawing lines parallel to the sides. You may notice that the darker lines are close together whilst the lighter lines have a gap between them. This is a quick way of adding limited colour to a drawing.

   

CLICK HERE TO SEE HAND DRAWN EXAMPLES

 

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