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DESIGNERS, DESIGN MOVEMENTS AND COMPANIES

V.Ryan © 2017

 

Studying the work of designers, design movements and design companies, can be both informative and educational. It can help in the design of a new product or the upgrade of an existing product. Trying to design a product from scratch is a very difficult task and often results in an inferior outcome and an unsuccessful product.

Although it is a good approach to rid yourself of preconceived ideas and concepts, when designing your own product, studying the work of successful designers and companies, can be regarded as a ‘stepping stone’ to success or at least a starting point. Existing designs often inspire the development of new products and improvements to old ones.

Remember not to underestimate what nature (biomimicry) can teach us. After all, nature is our oldest and most experienced designer.

This section allows those studying design, to review a range of successful and influential designers, design movements and companies.

 

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ICONIC DESIGNS
1. What is an Iconic Design?
 

COMPANIES

ALESSI

1. Alessi - Iconic Products
2. Revision Cards - Alessi
PDF FILE - POSTER - ALESSI

 

APPLE

1. Apple Incorporated
2. Revision Cards - Apple
 
THE AUSTIN MINI

2. The Austin Mini - an Iconic Design (Alexander Arnold Constantine Issigonis)


Other companies - See below- The Thonet Company, Maclaren and Motivation

 

LOUNGE CHAIR BY CHARLES AND RAY EAMES - 1956

1. Lounge Chair by Charles and Ray Eames - 1956

2. Why is the Eames Chair an Iconic Design?

 
3. Manufacturing the Eames Lounge Chair - Aluminium Parts / Components
4. Manufacturing the Eames lounge Chair - Laminated Parts / Components
5. Manufacturing the Eames Lounge Chair - Basic Techniques - Printable Question
 
6. Examination Question - Designing a Settee based on the Eames Lounge Chair - Specification and initial Ideas
7. Examination Question - Designing a Settee based on the Eames Lounge Chair - Development of Best Idea

8. Examination Question - Designing a Settee based on the Eames Chair - Comparison with the Specification

 

LUWIG MIES VAN ROHE
THE BARCELONA CHAIR

 
1. The Barcelona Chair - an Introduction
2. The Barcelona Chair -  Basic Stages of Manufacture
3. The Barcelona Chair - Design Icon and Design Classic?
 
PDF FILE - POSTER LUWIG MIES VAN ROHE
 
4. Similar Products, a Comparison- Iconic Chairs - Barcelona Chair 1929
AND The Bibendum Chair (1917 - 1921)
 
5. Similar Products, a Comparison - Iconic Chairs - Barcelona Chair 1929 AND
Lounge Chair By Charles And Ray Eames - 1956
 
6. Examination Question - Designing a table based on the Barcelona Chair - Specification and Initial Ideas
7. Examination Question - Designing a Table based on the Barcelona Chair - Development of Best Idea

 

 

MICHAEL THONET - BENTWOOD FURNITURE

1. Michael Thonet and the No14 Chair - Introduction
2. Examples of Thonet Bentwood Furniture including the No 14 Chair
3.The Thonet No14 Chair - Construction Techniques
4. How to Sketch a Simple Bentwood Chair - Quickly
5. Thonet Style - Design Questions
 
6. The Thonet No14 Chair - Design Examination Question - Part 1
7. The Thonet No14 Chair - Design Examination Questions - Part 2
8. The Thonet No14 Chair - Design Examination Questions - Part 3
9. The Thonet No14 Chair - Design Examination Questions - Part 4
 
10. Revision Cards - Thonet No14 Chair
 
11. Table Lamp / Task Lamp - Thonet Style - Initial Designs
12. Selected Idea for Further Development.
 
PDF FILE - CLASSROOM WALL DISPLAY - WILLIAM THONET
 
PDF FILE - INFO-POSTERS FOR CLASSROOM DISPLAY - MICHAEL THONET, ROBIN DAY, CHARLES RENNIE MACKINTOSH, AND EILEEN GREY

 

 
EILEEN GREY

5. Modernism - Eileen Gray - The Transat and Bibendum Chairs
6. Modernism - Eileen Gray - The E1027 Table
PDF FILE - CLICK HERE FOR PRINTABLE WORKSHEET ON EILEEN GRAY
7. Designing / Developing a Product, Starting with an Iconic Design (The E1027 Table)
8. Revision Cards - Eileen Gray
 
PDF FILE - CLASSROOM POSTER - EILEEN GREY
 

MARCEL BREUER (1902-1981)

1. Marcel Breuer and His Work
2. Revision Cards - Marcel Breuer
PDF FILE - POSTER - MARCEL BREUER

 

 

THE ROBIN DAY POLYPROP CHAIR

2. Robin Day Design Trend Setter and PolypropChair Iconic Design
7. Examination Question - Coffee Table based on the Style of the Polypropchair - Specification and Initial Ideas
8. Examination Question - Coffee Table based on the Polyprop Chair - Development of Best Idea
 
PDF FILE - ROBIN DAY POSTER

 

 
OWEN MACLAREN AND THE B01 FOLDING PUSH CHAIR
 
1. Owen Maclaren and the B01 Folding Push Chair - An Introduction
2. Basic Principles in the Design of a Child’s Buggy
3. Tubular Steel - a Trend Setter? AND The B01 Push Chair - an Iconic Design?
4. Design a Maclaren Inspired Folding Chair
5. Temporary and Permanent Joints for Tube
6. Specification Question - Product in the Style of the Maclaren B01
 
7. Initial Ideas for a Folding Chair in the Style of Owen Maclaren
8. Developing Your Best Idea
9. How does your Final Design meet the Original Specification?

10. Links to other useful Information and Questions

PDF FILE - POSTER - OWEN MACLAREN
PDF FILE - POSTER - ALTERNATIVE OWEN MACLAREN
 
CHARLES RENNIE MACKINTOSH

1. An Introduction to Charles Rennie Mackintosh
2. Analysis / Description of a Charles Mackintosh Chair
3. Mackintosh Decoration
4. The Furniture of Charles Rennie Mackintosh - Product Analysis 1
5. The Furniture of Charles Rennie Mackintosh - Product Analysis 2
6. Product Analysis - Mackintosh Oak Washstand
7. Product Comparison
8. The Mackintosh Desk
9. A Young Child's Toy Box based on Charles Rennie Mackintosh Design Characteristics
10. DVD Storage Unit based on Charles Rennie Mackintosh Design Characteristics
11. Storage Unit based on a Mackintosh White Desk and Chair
12. How to Develop a Specification by Analysing the Design Brief
for a Charles Mackintosh inspired Storage Unit
13. Specification Question
14. Design One - Child's Toy Box - Mackintosh Style
15. Design Two - Storage Box - Mackintosh Style
16. Design Three - Jewellery Box - Mackintosh Style
17. Design Four - DVD Storage - Mackintosh Style
18. Design Five - Bits And Bobs Storage Box - Mackintosh Style
19. Designing a Mackintosh Storage Unit
20. Presenting a Design Idea
21. Developing your Idea
REVISION CARDS - Charles Rennie Mackintosh
 
PDF FILE - CLASSROOM POSTER - CHARLES RENNIE MACKINTOSH
 
HARRY BECK - LONDON UNDERGROUND MAP

1. Harry Beck 1902 to 1974
2. Revision Cards - Harry Beck
PDF FILE - POSTER - HARRY BECK - LONDON UNDERGROUND

 
DAVID CONSTANTINE – MOTIVATION – MULTISPORT WHEELCHAIR

1. Introduction to David Constantine and Motivation
2. The Multisports Wheelchair by Motivation
3. Basic Design Principle - The Multisports Wheelchair - Questions
4. Comparison between a Typical Wheelchair and the Multisports Wheelchair
 
5. Examination Questions - the Multisports Wheelchair - Sustainability and Innovation.
 
PDF FILE - Click here to download a Revision Booklet / Activity Booklet
 
INCLUSIVITY PROJECT - LEADING TO MODEL MAKING
6. DESIGN REQUIREMENTS - Public Seating for adults and Young Children
7. Seating in Public Areas - Examination Question and Initial Sketches
8. Model Making - Your Selected Design - for Further Development
9. Development of the Best Idea and Development of Idea 1
10. Sample Development of Idea 2 and Idea3
 
 
 
PRACTICAL EXERCISE WITH TEAM WORK - INCLUSIVE DESIGN
Exercise - 1. An Existing Product To An Inclusive Product - The Hand Drill
Exercise - 2. Your Inclusive Design for a Hand Drill
 
ARTS AND CRAFTS MOVEMENT (INCLUDING WILLIAM MORRIS)

1. The Arts and Crafts Movement 1880 - 1910
REVISION CARDS - Arts and Crafts
 
ART NOUVEAU

1. Art Nouveau - 1890s - 1920s/1930s
2. Art Nouveau (1880s) Compared to the Bauhaus Design (1920s)
REVISION CARDS - Art Nouveau
 
CUBISM

1. Cubism - Analytic Cubism 1907 - 1911 - Late Cubism 1914 - 1921
2. Cubism and Architecture
3. Cubism and Product Design
 
REVISION CARDS - Cubism
 
DE STIJL (NEOPLASTICISM) - Including Piet Mandrian, Theo van Doesburg and Gerrit Rietveld

1. Introduction to De Stijl (Neoplasticism)
2. Revision Cards - De Stijl (Neoplasticism)
 
PDF FILE - POSTER - CLASSROOM DISPLAY, DE-STIJL
 
MODERNISM / BAUHAUS

1. The Bauhaus Design School - 1
2. The Bauhaus Influence on Architecture - the Huf Haus.
3. The Bauhaus Style of Writing
4. Bauhaus Chair Design Exercise
 
REVISION CARDS - Bauhaus Design
 
ART DECO

1. Art Deco - 1
2. Art Deco - 2
 
Art Deco - REVISION CARDS
 
3. Art Movement - Rich Picture
4. Storage and Transport of Small Items - Art Deco - 1
5. Storage and Transport of Small Items - Art Deco - 2
6. Storage and Transport of Small Items - Art Deco - 3
7. Art Deco Containers - Product Comparison
8. Art Deco - Small Storage Container Design - 1
9. Art Deco - Small storage Container Design - 2
10. Writing an Design Specification for a Small Transportable Art Deco Container
12. Art Deco - Small Container Design - Initial Ideas
12. Developing Your chosen Design
13. Work Drawings -  Art Deco Container 1
14. Working Drawings - Art Deco Container - 2
 
15. Anthropometric Data and Handle Design
 
16. Sample 'Theme' Development Design Sheet
 
POP ART - Including Andy Warhol and David Hockney

1. Pop Art - 1950s to 1960s
2. Pop Art and Product Design

PDF FILE - CLICK HERE FOR PRINTABLE WORKSHEET ON POPART

Pop Art - REVISION CARDS
PDF FILE - POPART-CUBIST STARTER EXERCISE
 
STUDIO ALCHIMIA - Inlcuding Alessandro Mendini

1. Introduction to Studio Alchimia
2. Alessandro Mendini
 
THE MEMPHIS GROUP - Including Ettore Sottsass

1. Ettore Sottsass - Memphis Designs - 1
2. Ettore Sottsass - Memphis Designs - 2
3. The Memphis Group (1980s) - The Etruscan Chair 1984
4. Comparison of the design principles / design philosophy
of Modernism (Bauhaus) and Post Modernism (Memphis Group)
5. The Carlton Dresser - by Ettore Sottsass - 1981
6. Further Memphis Designs
7. Product Comparison - Memphis and Traditional Designs - 1
8. Product Comparison - Memphis and Traditional Designs - 2
9. Memphis Examination Questions / Answers - 1
 
PDF FILE - CLASSROOM POSTER - ETTORE SOTTSASS
 
MEMPHIS PRODUCT DESIGN QUESTION
10. Memphis Examination Question - Moodboard
11. Memphis Design Principle and Criteria - Examination Question
12. Sample Answer to Memphis Design Question
13. Evaluation of your Memphis Design
14. Product Design Memphis Style
15. Art Movement Starter - with Memphis Designs
16. Memphis Chair Design Exercise
 
17. REVISION CARDS - Memphis Design Movement
 
CLICK ON THE IMAGE - FOR ART MOVEMENT SUMMARY CARDS AND EXERCISE
 
NATURE - BIOMIMICRY

 
4. The Sydney Opera House - Inspired by Nature
4. Design for a Shelter, inspired by the Sydney Opera House
 
5. QUESTION - Shelving System Based on Nature - Tree
6. QUESTION - Honeycomb Storage - Inspired by Nature
7. QUESTION - Leaf Sunbed Inspired by Nature
 
8. QUESTION - Ladybird Inspired Design - Coffee Mug - Wildlife Theme
9. Developing the Idea - Ladybird inspired Coffee Mug
10. Ladybird Coffee Mug Packaging

 
 
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