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CHARLOTTE PERRIAND - 1903 to1999

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Charlotte Perriand was a designer and architect. Her work is regarded just as modern and stylish today, as it was in the first half of the twentieth century. As a student, she studied furniture design at the ‘School of the Central Union of Decorative Arts’, in Paris. She aimed to design affordable furniture that could be mass produced for a wide and varied customer base. Her early designs were regarded as radical and initially, were not commercially successful. She became one of the most influential, innovative designers, of the twentieth century.  
 
 
 
A SAMPLE OF FURNITURE DESIGNS BY CHARLOTTE PERRIAND
 
Charlotte worked very closely with Pierre Jeanneretan and another famous French designer, Le Corbusier (Charles-Édouard Jeanneret-Gris), in the late 1920s and early 1930s. They co-designed a number of commercially successful pieces of furniture, largely manufactured by a company called Cassina. The LC4 Chaise Longue (Lounge) Chair of 1928, was an innovation in design, known also as the “relaxing Machine” due to the way the curves trace a person relaxing. It is said that the chair design was inspired by the smooth arcs of 18th century French daybeds.
 
LC4 CHAISE LONGUE (LOUNGE) CHAIR - MODEL B306 - 1928
 
 
 
 
OUTLINE DRAWINGS - LC4 CHAISE LONGUE (LOUNGE) CHAIR - MODEL B306 - 1928
 
 
LC7 SWIVEL ARMCHAIR - 1928
 
  The LC7 Swivel Armchair of 1928, was a personal design, for use in her apartment and based on the office chairs of the period. Its design was heavily influenced by the tubular steel designs of Marcel Breuer (such as the Wassily chair of 1925). The curved backrest was based on the form of an automobile tyre. This circular chair rotates on a pivot point and is upholstered in leather and manufactured by the German company Thonet. The chair was a commercial success.
 
 
 
LC2 ARMCHAIR - 1929
  The LC2 chair (also known as Le Petit Confort Armchair), was designed for relaxing and was a collaboration between Le Corbusier, Pierre Jeanneret and Charlotte Perriand in 1929. It was one of the first chairs that clearly displayed its tubular steel frame. A modernist piece of furniture, it embraced the use of industrial materials and production processes.
 
 
NUAGE BOOKCASE RANGE - 1950s
 
Charlotte had been working in Japan at the outbreak of World War Two. She managed to travel to Vietnam, but a naval blockade meant that she could not return to Europe. On return to France after the war, her work was influenced by her experience of Japanese design (it is worth noting that the renowned Charles Rennie Mackintosh was also influence by Japanese design, much earlier in the 20th century). The Nuage Bookcase range, of five designs, are an excellent example of this influence.
 
 
 
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