CLICK HERE FOR INDEX PAGE

SMALL SCALE ALUMINIUM CASTING

PREPARING THE COPE (TOP BOX)

V. Ryan 2008 - 2009

 

Aluminium can be used as a material for small scale casting. Aluminium looks similar to pewter but has a much higher melting point (650 - 700 degrees centigrade). It also is stronger and more resistant to ‘knocks’ and scratches. It is much cheaper than pewter but must be heated for quite a long time on the brazing hearth before it becomes molten.  

A base is prepared. This has two holes that will hold the sprues in place whilst the casting sand is used to fill the box. The sprues will eventually form the holes down which the molten aluminium will be poured and rise during the casting operation.
Small casting boxes are used if small casts are to be manufactured. The top casting box is called the ‘cope’ and the lower box is the ‘drag’.

When the sprues, base and sides are in position, casting sand (normally petrabond) is built up in the casting box (the cope).
A small fine sieve is used to ensure lumps’ of petrabond are broken down and that only fine sand is allowed to build up around the sprues. Hands and fingers can be used to compress the sand.

Sand is then built up around the sprues, above the level of the box. This sand will eventually prevent excess molten aluminium from spilling over the side of the casting box (the cope).

 

A small trowel or even a spoon is used to ‘dig’ gates around each sprue. The aluminium will be poured into the gate of one of the holes made by the sprues, flowing down into the cavity and rising up the other hole.

The sprues are carefully removed leaving the holes that are now known as the ‘runner’ and ‘riser’.

The molten aluminium will be poured into the ‘runner’ and rise up the ‘riser’.

The COPE - the top casting box is complete.

     

CLICK HERE FOR NEXT ALUMINIUM SMALL SCALE CASTING PAGE

   

CLICK HERE FOR EQUIPMENT AND PROCESSES INDEX PAGE

     
 
Google
 
Web www.technologystudent.com