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CONTINUOUS PRODUCTION

V. Ryan © 2005 - 2009

 

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The way products are manufactured depends on the quantity required. For example, cars are continually manufactured in hundreds of thousands , a prototype is a ‘one off’ (just one made) and DIY furniture is made in batches of thousands. Continuous production is described below.

   

CONTINUOUS
PRODUCTION

SAMPLE PRODUCTS

CARS
PETROL / OIL PRODUCTS
BRICKS
MANY FOOD PRODUCTS
WASHING POWDER
WASHING-UP LIQUID
CARS
CHEMICALS
ELECTRONIC COMPONENTS
PAPER / PULP PRODUCTS

CHARACTERISTICS

1. An semi-automated production line is normally set up.
Relying on computer control as well as human labour.
2. Workforce comprised of skilled and unskilled workers.
Workers less flexible than those working in batch production
as the product rarely changes.
3. Production line runs 24 hours a day,
365 days a year.
4. A high level of investment in machinery,
equipment.
5. Limited training of staff as the product and
equipment changes slowly. Training only needed when
up-dated equipment is introduced or new staff start.
6. Quality control at every stage of production. Sampling
takes place at different stages of production.

   

 

   

The example company (shown below) processes trees (pine) into wood pulp for the paper / card and newspaper industries. Demand for these products is so high that production is continuous, twenty four hours a day. Semi skilled workers are required for the cutting of the trees, replanting and transportation. Once processing starts, computer controlled automated equipment takes over.

   
   

   
   
QUESTIONS:
1. Draw a flowchart to represent the production line shown in the example
   
 
   

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