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FUNCTIONS OF PACKAGING - SUMMARY
V. Ryan © 2011
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1. To protect a product from damage or contamination.
The product must be protected against being dropped, crushed, and the vibration it suffers during transport.
The product most also be protected against the climate, including high temperatures, humidity, light and gases in the air.
2. To keep the product together, to contain it (i.e. so that it does not
Suppliers of canned vegetables such as carrots, have developed a particular type of plant that yields carrots that are straight and smaller than the normal variety. These fit into cans. Some products such as fruit juices and sausages need to be contained in packages that hold them together and are sealed to prevent spillage and loss.
3. To identify the product.
Packaging is the main way products are advertised and identified. To the manufacturer, the package clearly identifies the product inside and it is usually the package that the customer recognises when shopping.
4. Protection during Transport and Ease of Transport.
A package should be designed to make it easy to transport, move and lift. A regular shaped package (such as a cuboid) can be stacked without too much space between each package being wasted. This means that more packages can be transported in a lorry. Unusually shaped packages can lead to space being wasted and this can be costly if thousands of the same package are to be transported.
5. Stacking and Storage.
In supermarkets and shops it must be possible to stack packages so that space is not wasted on the shelves. The next time you visit the supermarket look carefully at the shape of the packages. They are usually the same rectangular / cuboid shape. The shape and form of the package determines how efficiently they can be stacked or stored.
|How many of the features written above do you see in the mobile phone packaging below ?|
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|1. Describe three functions of packaging:|
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