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NETS / DEVELOPMENTS AND TESSELLATIONS
V. Ryan © 2012
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Card is popular packaging material because it is cheap and it can be
recycled. Also, colour and images can be applied using a number of
printing techniques. Normally the card is lacquered to give the box a
gloss / satin finish.
Often the packages are cuboid in shape as this means that they can be transported and stacked on shelves easily, efficiently using space.
Opposite is a ‘development’ / ‘net’ of the packaging of a perfumed product.
Packaging for almost any product is made in multiples. The only time a
single package / net is manufactured is usually when a prototype package
is required, so that it can be tested and improved.
In industry a large, single sheet of card will be used to manufacture many individual developments / nets. The diagram below is a typical layout. It shows multiple nets of the packaging, printed out on a single piece of card. This reduces waste and is a cost effective way of manufacturing packaging.
|The packaging has been arranged as multiple nets, with very little space between each one. This arrangement of shapes is called a tessellation. A tessellation is a shape that is repeated over and over again without creating gaps or spaces. A Tessellation is sometimes called ‘tiling’.|
|In industry it may be necessary to make thousands of the same type of package. In order that materials are not wasted, the developments / nets are organised on the card in such a way that there are only small gaps between each individual shape. Special cutters are pressed into the material to stamp out the nets / developments, which are then folded by machines to from the packages.|
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