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INTRODUCTION TO THE CNC TURNING CENTRE

V.Ryan © 2020

 
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A CNC Turning Centre is a complex machine, capable of lathe and milling processes. It is computer controlled with designs starting on CAD software, which are exported as CAM files. These files are used to drive the motors of the turret tool post, chuck and machine bed, allowing for manufacturing complexity as well as precision engineering.
 
 
CNC means - Computer, Numerical Control.
 
 
 

This CNC Centre (below) is being set up for a series of machining processes. The Turret Tooling System, is clearly seen in the centre of the photograph.

EXPLAINATION OF ‘CNC’
CNC Centres are controlled by a programme, normally produced after a CAD drawing has been converted / processed, during the design stage. The programme is a series of coordinates (numbers) that control the movement of the cutting tools.

 
 
CNC Centres are supplied in a range of sizes. Two typical CNC Centres are seen below.The second photograph below is of a desktop / school / college version. Notice the doors / sliding guards, which enclose the machining area. this is an essential safety feature, as the machines will not work unless the safety doors are in a closed position.
 
 
 
 
 
 
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