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|VLADIMIR SHUKHOV 1853 - 1939 (RUSSIA)|
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|A renowned Engineer and Mathematician. He designed a series of pioneering towers, based on hyperboloid structures. Existing towers such as the Eiffel Tower, had a wide heavy base, to secure the structure in position. They were also very bulky and over engineered.
However, Shukhov used his Mathematical knowledge, to design curved lightweight hyperboloid structures. The towers he designed and constructed, looked far too light to stand up to high winds. Shukhov was one of the first to developed the mathematics behind calculating stress, compression and torsion. Consequently, he was able to design structures that were lightweight, striking in appearance and economic in the use of materials. Civil Engineering owes much to Shukhov’s innovative and mathematical approach to design.
Over his life-time, he designed and constructed nearly two hundred towers around the world. The best known is the Shukhov Tower in Moscow (1922), a radio broadcasting tower. At a height of 160 metres, it was far shorter than Shukhov intended. Due to a shortage of steel in Russia during the Russian Civil War, he had to reduce it’s height (the original design was 350 metres in height).
Shukhov worked in a variety of areas of engineering, including designing innovative oil tankers, lighthouse design and he made a significant contribution to the oil industry.
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