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|RISK ASSESSMENTS - HEALTH AND SAFETY - REVISION CARDS|
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WHAT IS A RISK ASSESSMENT?
An employer must assess the risks of injury, related to the work their employees carry out.
A risk assessment is a written document that identifies hazards / dangers to employees, when they work on machines / equipment and other types of work. It clearly states how the risk of accidents and injuries can be minimised / prevented, by employees following ‘control measures’ (following safety instructions).
WHAT IS A ‘HAZARD’ AND A ‘RISK’?
The risk is recorded as low risk, medium risk or high risk.
HOW A RISK ASSESSMENT IS CARRIED OUT
A worker operates a drilling machine, to ‘drill’ holes in sheet steel.
1. The employer identifies a hazard, as sharp steel swarf being thrown towards the worker, at eye level and at high speed.
2. The employer determines the risk (possibility of swarf being thrown out) as high.
3. Precautions (control measures) are introduced, to protect the employee from harm and injury. He / she is given safety goggles to wear, guards to use and safety training.
The control measures are written down clearly for employees to follow.
|1. What is a Risk Assessment? 4 marks|
|2. Describe how a Risk Assessment is carried out. You can use an example to help you. 4 marks|
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