CLICK HERE FOR INDEX PAGE

V. Ryan 2001-2014

Below is the contents list of the 'Design Process' section of this website. This section gives detailed information on each stage of designing and examples regarding many stages involved in the building of a successful folder / project. Another section called 'Project Template' gives blank design templates for each stage of a project / folder. The entire template is available as a download / printable PDF document (see below).

PDF FILE - CLICK HERE FOR THE DESIGN TEMPLATE - PRINTABLE VERSION

PDF FILE - CLICK HERE FOR PRINTABLE DESIGN PROCESS CHECK LIST

When working through a project you must use a range of drawing techniques and also Information Technology must play an important part.

1. DRAWING TECHNIQUES

2. USING I.C.T.

In order to achieve higher grades it is essential that your project follows the full design process. For each section listed below there are detailed information sheets and guidance sheets later in this information pack. Below is a project check list:

PROJECT STAGE

(CLICK BELOW)

DESCRIPTION OF STAGE

TICK

WHEN COMPLETE

RICH PICTURE

At the beginning of the project place the theme at the centre. Put words / themes that are connected to it, around it.

 

CUSTOMER

PROFILE

Developing a Customer Profile - page1 - Who are your potential customers? Carry out a Customer Profile Questionnaire. You need to build a Potential Customer Profile. Then produce a final Client/Customer Profile Sheet, once you have been commissioned to design and make a product.  

DESIGN PROBLEM AND DESIGN BRIEF

State the design problem clearly. Explain how you intend to solve it in general terms.

 
ALTERNATIVE APPROACH

DESIGN PROBLEM AND BRIEF
An alternative approach to writing a design problem followed by a design brief, is to study the Client/Customer Profile Sheet. Identify the design problem/problems outlined by the customer / client and compose your Design Problem. Consider using this Problem Page, to help write this difficult aspect.

Then write a design brief. Consider using this Brief Page, to help your write your Design Brief.
 
MOODBOARD 

Produce a moodboard based on interviews and discussions with your client and the theme he / she wants you, as a designer, to research.

The Designer and Moodboards - 1
Designer Inspiration and Moodboards - 2
Inspiration / Moodboards and Motifs

 

ANALYSIS

List as many questions as you can about the project you are attempting. E.g. What materials can I use ? What safety considerations must I keep in mind ?

 

SYNTHESIS

Answer the questions in the analysis.  

PLANNING

Use a time chart and flow chart to plan your use of time.  

RESEARCH

If you are to get a high grade you must put effort into this section. Remember, all research must be relevant to your project and constantly refer to the problem you are trying to solve. Produce at least one sheet on each of the following:

Suitable materials for your project.

Investigate the ways in which materials can be joined together - joints and fixings.

The ergonomic factors that apply to your project. REVISION CARDS - The Difference between Anthropometrics and Ergonomics

Safety factors related to your design problem.

Write letters to manufacturers / shops.

Research using the library.

Research using the Internet / CD-ROMs/DVDs.

Interview people with the aim of helping you to solve the design problem (record the interview).

Carry out a survey / questionnaire and present the results as a pictogram/table of results

Product Review - select an existing product and determine how it could be improved. This will help you develop your own ideas later.

Collect pictures of existing products - photographs/catalogue pictures.

How are existing products manufactured?

Research other relevant areas such as electronic circuits.

 

SPECIFICATION

Once you have completed your design you should specify in a paragraph or two what exactly you are going to do to solve this problem. Always refer to your research.

 

IDEAS

Draw at least six ideas, with notes. The ideas should be different and not just the same idea slightly changed. Include environmental considerations (See additional sheet). Use Computer Aided Design (CAD) when drawing some of your designs/ideas.

 

DEVELOPMENT

To get the higher grades you must take your best idea and develop it further. One way of starting this section is to draw your best idea again and point out areas that can be improved. Areas may include, safety, colour scheme, cost, using a spreadsheet, shape, materials, mechanisms, circuits, systems diagram and the environment. You must show that you have considered Safety and the Consumer. You also need to develop a circuit for your project. You may need to show how mechanisms can be used as part of your design. How will all the parts/components be joined together? What joints and fixings will be needed? Stages of programming a microcontroller circuit (flow chart). Make a series of models and evaluate each one. Carry out a Product Comparison to help develop a design. Click here for Product Comparison layout sheet and templates. Include a Technical Data Sheet in your design project - Technical Data Sheet Template. Ask a Focus Group (group of individuals) their advice regarding your designs and models. Consider the Life Cycle of your product, presenting it as a graphical design sheet.

Developing A Design From A Theme (1) - Developing A Design From A Theme (2)
Practice Examination Question - Sample 'Theme' Development Design Sheet
 
ALTERNATIVE APPROACH (GCSE LEVEL)

BASIC IDEAS AND INITIAL DEVELOPMENT
Instead of producing an Ideas section followed by the Development section, combining  both is an alternative design approach. Each design sheet should start with an initial idea and include some development.

Sample Ideas Sheet 1
Sample Ideas Sheet 2 - Starting with an Existing Idea
Sample Ideas Sheet 3 - Starting with Properties of Materials
Sample Ideas Sheet - Starting with an Iconic Design

Materials Research / Development - a Practical Approach
Materials Research / Development Summary Sheet
Advanced Material Tests
 
ALTERNATIVE APPROACH - DEVELOPING AN IDEA THROUGH MODELLING Modelling an Idea with Corrugated Card

The Card Model Development Section
Model Making - Record of Manufacture
Sample Scaled Model Summary Sheet

Sample Layout to Model Making Sequence Drawing Sheets
Model Making Sequence Drawing - 1
Model Making Sequence Drawing - 2
 
ALTERNATIVE APPROACH (AS/A2 LEVEL)

IDEAS AND DEVELOPMENT -
AN INTEGRATED APPROACH
This section shows alternative way of presenting your design ideas and developing them, in an integrated way. This is an alternative to having a separate section for drawing ideas and another section for the development. Aim to produce up to ten good quality sheets, that show the development of  your product, from a basic idea to a developed final design.
 Click here for sheet 1
Click here for sheet 2
Click here for sheet 3
Click here for sheet 4
Click here for sheet 5
Click here for sheet 6
Click here for sheets 7, 8 and 9 (Final Developed Idea)
Click here for sheet 10 (Working Drawing and Isometric View)

 

SOLUTION

Produce a working drawing of your solution with a parts list. This must have measurements and constructional details. You may prefer to produce a Parts Sheet first.  A three dimensional drawing can also be attempted.

 

MANUFACTURE

Produce planning sheets to show each stage of production - a flowchart, time chart, and sketch sequence drawings.
Further information on sequence drawings.
Make a further model.
Make the solution. Keep a Basic Logbook up to date
 

ALTERNATIVE

DETAILED LOGBOOK / PRODUCTION LOG

A Detailed Log Book of Manufacturing

Key Terminology to be included in a Manufacturing Log Book

Example Production Log

Example Statements / Sentences for a Production Log

 
MANUFACTURING SPECIFICATION The Manufacturing Specification is an alternative to producing separate sheets for the manufacturing flow chart, sequence drawing and final 3D drawing. It is a concise sheet, which summaries each of these design sheets.

When creating this sheet, check everything you write and draw against the specification you wrote earlier in the project, after the research section.

Click here for further information on the Manufacturing Specification.
 

EVALUATION

Do not forget this important section. Evaluate your product. State the good and bad points. Does the solution answer the design brief ? Spend some time on this section. You should include social issues, health and safety, ethical and environmental issues.

 
TESTING AND EVALUATION -
AN ALTERNATIVE APPROACH
An alternative approach to evaluating a product, is to test evaluate in an integrated way. Using this approach, a developed product (usually a prototype) is put through a number of tests and the results recorded.

Testing and Evaluation - Why?
Testing and Evaluation Sheet 1
Testing and Evaluation Sheet 2


 
MARKETING A PRODUCT

 

Marketing your Product - 1

My Product - Why I have chosen TV Advertising

SAMPLE: MY FILM STRIP - PRODUCT NAME: inSIGHT

SAMPLE: Poster Campaign - inSight MP3

SAMPLES: Advertising on Buses and Bus Shelters - inSIGHT MP3

SAMPLES: Further Posters - inSIGHT MP3

SAMPLE: Marketing a Product through Magazine Reviews

 

 
 

 

 
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